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Selected Fabrics

Our textile experts have matched the best combinations of fabrics for each diaper type.   They are matched for ease of construction, durability, performance (absorption and leak control), and to be easy to sanitize.   This a a small cross section of the fabric combinations you will find when searching the Internet however they are the best combinations for diaper making. 

To help you better understand all the options, here is a short description of each products and what it's best used for

Elastics:
 

There are wide variations of elastics in the market so they're not always interchangeable -- when you pick an elastic make sure it's backed with a brand name so the next time you purchase it you can be sure it will perform the same. 

There are 3 basic types of elastic used in cloth diaper making -- you should stick to these for the best results.  Regular knitted and woven elastics of less than 1" should not be used for diaper making as they may not stand up in cloth diapers.  Always use braid, TPU (Lastin/Mobilon) or Centerfold (FOE) when using elastic for binding.

Braid.  Braided elastic is made by braiding sturdy elastic cords with polyester or cotton yarns.  The blend should be 80/20 for cotton/rubber and 70/30 for poly/rubber.  These elastics will survive hundreds of launderings and are resistant to virtually all laundering chemicals. The elastic should elongate 100% and should recover fully after being stretched 3 times. 

1/4" and 3/8" are most common sizes.

Best installed in a casing, can be stitched or serged in with good results.  If you must sew in your elastic, use a wide long stitch. 

Polybraid is cheaper, cotton more durable and typically has more tensile strength.  You can use 1/2" cotton on all sizes of diapers, 1/2" poly in small, 3/8" poly is required for medium and larger.

 

Thermal Polyurethane Elastic (TPU...aka Lastin, Mobilon, clear elastic) 


TPU elastic tape is a clear, strong ribbon of polyurethane plastic.  Not all tapes are suitable for elastic, and some are not formulated for diaper making.   The original marketer of this elastic sold it under the name LASTIN.  Lastin
™ is no longer marketed and the trademark has become genericized  by retailers.  

TPU tapes are made for 2 purposes: as stabilizers for seams in sportswear, lingerie and swimwear AND as elastic tapes.  The only reputable brands are DiaperMaker and Mobilon, both manufactured by Nisshinbo in Japan.  If you're trying another brand, or anything marketed as 'Lastin' be sure teo check the it's specifications.  The tape should be made from  ether based polyurethane, be clear (no yellow tinge or milky opacity), and at least 7mil thick. 

 

TPU elastic cannot be bar tacked like braid so it will not work in a casing.  Stitch this elastic along it's lengthwith a wide and long elastic stitch. 

 

TPU has less tension than braid so you may find gathering difficult when you have deep pile fabrics or more than 3 layers. 

 

Note: this is a 'tech product' and as such required more design and testing than other types of elastic.  If you're not familiar with is, you're probably better to stick with braid.

 

Centerfold Elastic (aka FOE, and Fold-Over elastic).  This elastic is used for binding and elasticizing diapers and covers in one step.  The stuff used for diaper making is sturdy knitted product made with rubber and polyester and at least 1" wide.  (1/2", 5'8" and 3/4" centerfold is typically made with spandex and used for costumes -- it will not work well in diapers or covers.)

 

In production, centerfold is best applied using a binding folder and puller using a straight or zigzag stitct.   It can be applied by hand however it takes some experience to perfect tension.

 

Note: Centerfold has a plushy side that faces out, and snags easily when in contact with hook tape. 

 

 

Threads:

 

Always use quality 100% polyester thread, 65/2 is best.  Cotton thread is not suitable, nor are most economy threads available at fabric stores and marts. 

 

 

Hook and Loop tapes:

 

There are 3 tapes that are popularly used in diaper making: Aplix, DiaperMaker, TouchTape,  and Velcro.

 

Aplix brand is soft and easy to peel making it ideal for newborn sizes.  It's low peel strength makes it less suitable for larger sizes as it's easly removed by baby and it's gums up quickly in the wash.

 

DiaperMaker, TouchTape, and Velcro have napped loops to enhance grab.  They hold stronger than Aplix and require less de-linting.  These can be used on any size diaper.

 

Generic tapes are available from many suppliers as well. Depending on construction, these may work well in you diapers.  Be sure the tape you purchase is for continuous use and has been heat sealed.  Hook and loop tapes made for display boards, automotive and packaging are not suitable.

 

Hook and loop tapes are nylon and polyester making them easy to dye with off the shelf dye kits. 

 

Absorbent Cloth

 

Microfiber terry is a rapidly absorbent man made fiber used for a variety of applications including absorbent layers in a diaper.

 

It's advisable to use roll goods as opposed to shop towels as towels are often treated with chemicals to help them capture dust and resist oils and grease.  Shop towwels are not colorfast, so they may bleed for several washings.

Bamboo Fleece and Terry

Bamboo is a soft and durable fiber that has gained good acceptance in the diaper making market.  We knit our own bamboo fleece and terry in a cut and weight specific to diaper making.  Our bamboo fleece is different -- we use special gauge yarns that offer increased absorbency. 

PUL (Polyurethane Laminates)

Our PULs are soft, durable and solvent free.  We manufacture them using a the best quality knits, non-toxic adhesives, and durable polyurethane films.  They exceed industry standards for duty cycle and launder ability.

MicroFiber Fleece

We make micro fiber fleece specifically for diaper makers.  These trim fleeces remain soft, and maintain their loft longer than lightweight polar fleeces.  They are soft, durable and easy to sanitize. 

Wicking Jersey

Our wicking jerseys are made with CoolMax fibers.  They are soft, durable and easy to sanitize.    

Flannels

Our flannels are 100% cotton, very soft and durable.  We use heavyweight double-napped flannel in all of our kits.  

Where's the Hemp? Birdseye? BKT? Velour? Suedecloth?

These are all great fabrics and have a place in diaper making however they are not first choices for durability, performance and easy care.

Common Abbreviations

 

AI2-All In Two
AIO-All In One
CC-Credit Card
CD-Cloth Diaper
CBPF-Chinese Bleached Pre Fold
CUPF-Chinese Unbleached Pre Fold
DC-Dear Child
DD-Dear Daughter
DD-Disposable Diaper
DH-Dear Husband
DS-Dear Son

DS-Diaper Swappers Forum

DSD-Diaper Sewing Divas Forum
DSQ-Diaper Service Quality prefolds
DWR-Durable Water Repellent
EBF-Exclusively Breast Fed
EDD-Estimated Due Date
FB-Fuzzi Bunz
Flat-Flat Diaper
FSOT-For Sale Or Trade
Funded-Funded PayPal Payment
HC$-Hyena Cart Dollars
HC-Hyena Cart
HFT-Hemp French Terry
HTH-Hope That Helps
Hyena-Member of Hyenacart.com
IMHO-In My Humble Opinion
IMO-In My Opinion
IBOF-Indian Bleached Pre Fold
IUPF-Indian Unbleached Pre Fold
ISO-In Search Of

KCK-Kayla's Cloth Kits

KCK One™-The Kayla's Cloth Kits One Size Fits All Cloth Diaper
MF-Microfleece or Microfiber
MM-Malden Mills
OCFT-Organic Cotton French Terry
OCV-Organic Cotton Velour
SAHM-Stay At Home Mom
Seconds-There are flaws in the quality of the product
Snappi-A diaper closure that replaces pins
Sposies-Disposable diapers
T&T - a common term for diapers that are finished with
Turned and Topstitched
WAHM-Work At Home Mom
Windpro - A tightly knit fleece that is commonly used in dispurstion covers

 

 
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