What is CPSIA?
CPSIA stands for the Consumer Products Safety Improvement Act, a law that was enacted in August of 2008 with the aim of improving product safety standards for products used by children. It covers a wide range of products, virtually everything that would be sold to a consumer for use or wearing by children.
CPSIA rules are complicated and have not been well explained to most manufacturers, it's been particularly hard for small manufacturers as they do not have ready (or inexpensive) resources to interpret and apply the complicated legal text. The part that most matters to diaper makers is the Lead and Phthalate testing as they are slated to come into effect Feb 2011.
Recently CPSA has made some materials exempt and may
provide exemptions for products made entirely from exempt materials.
What needs testing?
While there is no final rule on the definition of a “child care article” it is advisable to consider cloth diapers and cloth diaper accessories to be will legally be classified as such. That means they are subject to exemptions and certifications as required by the law, to call them anything else would be foolish. As a 'child care' product, cloth diapers, wetbags, covers and swim diapers will require certification based on the materials used, and the style and construction.
The best way to determine whether you need CPSA certification is to first evaluate your product against the exemption requirements. If you're exempt, you will not technically require certification. For the most part responsibility for certification lies with the manufacturer, although importers and or retailers can secure certifications as well.
Step 1: Materials Test:
If a diaper is made made entirely from natural and/or synthetic textiles it may be may be exempt. from testing.
|Exempt||May not be exempt|
|Most fabrics knitted or woven from Bamboo, Cotton, Hemp Polyester, Nylon, Acrylic, Wool, Zorb, spandex, lycra.||PUL, PUC or ProCare or any plastic or polymer coated fabric|
|Velcro, Aplix, Touchtape hook and loop closures||Plastic or metal snaps, Plastic and/or metal zippers and pulls|
|Knitted or woven elastics||Lastin or Mobilon elastics|
If you diaper contains ONLY items in the left column EXEMPT, you are likely
exempt. If your article contains any items in the right column, proceed to
Step 2, Construction Test.
Step 2: Construction Test:
Articles made entirely from natural and/or synthetic textiles and constructed in a manner that non-exempt materials cannot come in contact with the child may be exempt. For instance an All-in-One diaper that has a pocket may be exempt if the pocket is lined in such a way that the plastic side of the PUL is entirely encased AND your closure is Hook & Loop. If the pocket can be opened and the plastic side of the PUL can be touched, or you use snaps you will not be considered exempt.
Here's a short list of things that will by construction need certification:
If you have determined that you're product requires testing (or not), the next thing to do is organize the test. Figuring out what you have to test is tricky too. In most cases you will need to test one item from each unique style. For instance, if you sell an AIO, fitted diaper and a wetbag, you would need to test all 3. If you sell an AIO in 3 sizes + a One Size, a fitted and a wetbag, you will need to test one size of the AIO, one size of fitted and one size of wetbag.
If you product is exempt from certification, you may still find it worthwhile to gain certifications. Certification will make it easier to market your product, particularly in the early stages when many merchants have blanket policies that require all products be certified. Importing or exporting diapering articles into the USA may be tricky without certification, particularly until Custom's brokers and CBP Officials gain experience with the law and how to clear exempt products.
What is Wazoodle doing?
As a textile manufacturer and distributor we are in the business of supplying materials. As with most standards, it's the finished product that must be certified -- even when entirely assembled from certified components. Having certifications on our materials doesn't help our manufacturing clients achieve their own certifications but we know it helps them eliminate uncertainties -- so we're helping by certifyung the core part of our diaper making product line. The following items are in CIPSA testing now, we expect to have them all certified by Mid Feb. Once we complete certification, electronic certificates will be available to our clients for the following items:
Bamboo/Organic Cotton jersey, French terry, and fleece (completed in 2010)
DiaperMaker Linings, Jersey and Pique
LGB / Wazoodle Diaper Kits
LGB / Wazoodle Wetbag kits
In addition, we are providing low cost certification services through our partner lab. Our goal is to make it possible for our clients to have their products certified at less than $200/article. We are working out the final details now, we hope to offer our customers a simple certification package available soon. Stay tuned for more on this.
CEO, Wazoodle Fabrics